University Scoring – Old

The Johns Hopkins Disability Health Research Center (DHRC) University Disability Inclusion Dashboard collects university websites to calculate total accessibility and inclusion scores. 


Background

Students have the right to understand accessibility and disability inclusion practices before applying to academic institutions. 

This scoring system was created to allow comparisons between universities based on metrics of accessibility and disability inclusion. Scoring was limited to information available on university websites, as that is the information available to potential applicants. 

Scoring criteria were based on legal requirements and practices that support disability inclusion.

Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), all programs of postsecondary institutions must be accessible to students with disabilities. The ADA requires almost all postsecondary institutions to have a disability services coordinator and grievance procedures that ensure concerns with accommodation requests are managed fairly, timely, and equitably. The Rehabilitation Act mandates that all institutions receiving federal funding ensure that people with disabilities have equal access to programs, services, and activities, including websites. Compliance with the ADA and Rehabilitation Act intends to guard against discrimination on the basis of disability but often is not enough for equitable inclusion. Therefore, legal compliance alone was considered the minimal criteria for most categories in this scoring system. 


Table 2. The Johns Hopkins Disability Health Research Center (DHRC) University Disability Inclusion Scoring Data and National Institutes of Health (NIH) Funding for Undergraduate Institutions, October 2021

Funding Rank
University
NIH Funding ($ FY 2020)
Overall Grade (Letter Grade)
Overall Score (100 points)
Accessibility Total (20 points)
Built Environment
Virtual Environment
Public Image Total (20 points)
Student Disability Office Statement
Statistics on Disabled Students, Staff, Faculty
Accomodations Total (50 points)
Accommodations Contact Information
Accommodations Confidentiality
Student Accommodations Rights and Responsibilities
Faculty Accommodations Rights and Responsibilities
Timeline for Accommodations
Grievance Policy Total (10 points)
Grievance Policy Management
1JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY$807,432,003D65105555040105510101010
2UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES$673,201,228C70101001010040105105101010
3UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN AT ANN ARBOR$641,965,656F50000101003010105051010
4DUKE UNIVERSITY$607,172,798F555501010030101010001010
5UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA$593,605,914F50101001010025100051055
6UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH AT PITTSBURGH$570,146,095F50550101002510105001010
7STANFORD UNIVERSITY$560,644,462C751010015105401010101001010
8YALE UNIVERSITY$550,947,887F5510100101002510100501010
9WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY$533,594,881C7010100101004510105101055
10UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON$533,302,350B851510515105451010510101010
11UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO$524,978,793F551055101002510500101010
12UNIV OF NORTH CAROLINA CHAPEL HILL$511,185,245F551010055030100010101010
13EMORY UNIVERSITY$507,546,965D60550105535101005101010
14NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY AT CHICAGO$367,414,121C7050510100451051010101010
15UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA$340,417,756D6010100101003051010501010
16UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON$338,121,506F501010015105151000051010
17UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM$325,573,502C7055010100451010510101010
18UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA$324,592,664C75505101005010101010101010
19UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO DENVER$292,134,808F4500055030101010001010
20UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT DAVIS$254,622,553F5010555502510500101010
21UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO$246,330,700D6555010100401010101001010
22OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY$241,268,189D60505101003510105551010
23INDIANA UNIV-PURDUE UNIV AT INDIANAPOLIS$232,986,943F5010100101002010100001010
24UNIVERSITY OF UTAH$228,951,281F5055010100355101010000
25CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY$197,030,888F3000055020101000055

Table 3. WebAIM Website Accessibility Scores and National Institutes of Health (NIH) Funding for Undergraduate Institutions, October 2021

Funding Rank
University
NIH Funding ($ FY 2020)
Website Accessibility Rank
Total Impact Score*
Automated Impact Score*
Manual Impact Score*
Home Page URL
1JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY$807,432,00326.234.97.56https://www.jhu.edu/
2UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES$673,201,228218.568.98.21https://www.ucla.edu/
3UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN AT ANN ARBOR$641,965,65697.557.27.9https://umich.edu/
4DUKE UNIVERSITY$607,172,798158.298.67.98https://duke.edu
5UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA$593,605,914238.858.98.8https://www.upenn.edu/
6UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH AT PITTSBURGH$570,146,095107.557.37.79https://www.pitt.edu/
7STANFORD UNIVERSITY$560,644,462178.3288.64https://www.stanford.edu
8YALE UNIVERSITY$550,947,88787.4768.94https://www.yale.edu
9WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY$533,594,881248.9298.84https://wustl.edu
10UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON$533,302,35056.636.27.06https://www.washington.edu
11UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO$524,978,79315.974.57.43https://ucsd.edu
12UNIV OF NORTH CAROLINA CHAPEL HILL$511,185,245127.827.18.53https://www.unc.edu
13EMORY UNIVERSITY$507,546,965147.887.38.45http://www.emory.edu/home/index.html
14NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY AT CHICAGO$367,414,12136.255.27.3https://www.northwestern.edu/
15UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA$340,417,756208.438.97.96https://twin-cities.umn.edu
16UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON$338,121,506228.788.98.66https://www.wisc.edu
17UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM$325,573,502117.727.28.23https://www.uab.edu/home/
18UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA$324,592,66446.475.8https://www.usc.edu
19UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO DENVER$292,134,808188.348.28.48https://www.ucdenver.edu/
20UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT DAVIS$254,622,553777.36.69https://www.ucdavis.edu
21UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO$246,330,700259.078.99.24https://www.uchicago.edu
22OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY$241,268,18966.8967.78https://www.osu.edu
23INDIANA UNIV-PURDUE UNIV AT INDIANAPOLIS$232,986,943198.48.88https://www.iupui.edu
24UNIVERSITY OF UTAH$228,951,281168.318.28.41https://www.utah.edu
25CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY$197,030,888137.828.27.43https://case.edu

Methodology

Table 2 shows the data collected for each university. Each university’s score is the sum of the four sub-categories, as outlined below.

Accessibility of the built and virtual environment20 total points

Built environment: assessed if campus maps outline accessible paths, bathrooms, parking, and entrances.

  • A university scored 10 points if 3-4 of the following criteria are marked on a publicly available campus map: accessible paths, bathrooms, parking, entrances.
  • A university scored 5 points if 1-2 of the following criteria are marked on a publicly available campus map: accessible paths, bathrooms, parking, entrances.
  • A university scored 0 points if available campus maps do not include accessibility information.

Virtual environment: assessed website accessibility and the impact on users with disabilities (Table 3). WebAIM conducted automated and manual testing of university websites. The total website accessibility scores are the average of the automated and manual scores. Total scores were categorized into three groups based on tertile cut-points derived from a separate dataset of 1 million websites. Lower scores indicate less impact and greater accessibility.

  • A university scored 10 points if the total impact score was less than 4.3.
  • A university scored 5 points if the total impact score was between 4.3 and 7.0.
  • A university scored 0 points if the total impact score was greater than 7.0.

Public image of disability inclusion: 20 total points

Disability accommodation office statements: assessed compliance of student disability accommodation statements with the ADA and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Only statements listed on disability services office websites were reviewed.

  • A university score 10 points if the disability accommodation office statement was encouraging or supportive language and required ADA and Rehabilitation Act Section 504 compliance language.
  • A university scored 5 points if the disability accommodation office statement only included required ADA and Section 504 compliance language.
  • A university scored 0 points if there was not a disability office compliance statement.

Statistics on disabled students, staff, and faculty: assessed the availability of statistics on university or disability services websites or on admissions websites when presented with other protected class information.

  • A university scored 10 points if statistics on student, staff, and faculty with disabilities were publicly available. 
  • A university scored 5 points if only statistics on students with disabilities were publicly available.
  • A university scored 0 points if statistics on student, staff, and faculty with disabilities are not found.

Accommodation request processes and procedures: 50 total points. Only University disability accommodation office websites were searched for this information.

Contact information: assessed the available contact information for students to obtain disability accommodations.

  • A university scored 10 points if the disability accommodation office website lists a telephone number and email address.
  • A university scored 5 points if the disability accommodation office website lists only a telephone number or an email address.
  • A university scored 0 points if the disability accommodation office website does not list a telephone number or an email address.

Confidentiality in the disability accommodation process: assessed statements outlining who was responsible for maintaining confidentiality during the accommodation process.

  • A university scored 10 points for having disability accommodations confidentiality statements and information about who must maintain this confidentiality.
  • A university scored 5 points for having disability accommodations confidentiality statements, but no information about who must maintain this confidentiality.
  • A university scored 0 points for not having disability accommodations confidentiality statements and information about who must maintain this confidentiality.

Rights and responsibilities of students and disability service staff: assessed the availability of information about the rights and responsibilities of students and disability services staff during the accommodation process.

  • A university scored 10 points if the rights and responsibilities of students and accessibility services staff are listed on the accommodation services office websites.
  • A university scored 5 points if the rights or responsibilities of students and accessibility services staff are listed on the accommodation services office websites.
  • A university scored 0 points if the rights and responsibilities of students and accessibility services staff are not listed on the accommodation services office websites.

Rights and responsibilities of faculty: assessed the availability of information about the rights and responsibilities of faculty during the accommodation process.

  • A university scored 10 points if the rights and responsibilities of faculty are listed on the accommodation services office websites.
  • A university scored 5 points if the rights or responsibilities of faculty are listed on the accommodation services office websites.
  • A university scored 0 points if the rights and responsibilities of faculty are not listed on the accommodation services office websites.

Timeline for disability accommodations: assessed information about the timeline for requesting and approving disability accommodations.

  • A university scored 10 points if there is a flexible timeframe for submitting accommodation requests and a timeline for responding to requests.
  • A university scored 5 points if there is a fixed timeframe for submitting accommodation requests, but a timeline for responding to requests is not provided.
  • A university scored 0 points if there is not a timeline for requesting and receiving accommodations. 

Grievance Policy: 10 total points

Disability accommodation grievance policies: assessed the policies to manage grievances with disability accommodations and availability of information grievance policies on disability services or equivalent websites.

  • A university scored 10 points if a third party manages grievances, and information about the grievance policy is available on the disability services or equivalent website
  • A university scored 5 points if a third party manages grievances, but information about the grievance policy is not available on the disability services or equivalent website
  • A university scored 0 points if the disability services office manages grievances, and information about the grievance policy is not available on the disability services or equivalent website

Citation

The use of data, figures, or graphs from this dashboard should be cited as: “The Johns Hopkins Disability Health Research Center. University Disability Inclusion Dashboard. 2021. https://disabilityhealth.jhu.edu/


Contact Information

If you have questions or need the data in an alternate accessible format, contact us at: disabilityhealth@jhu.edu.